While the study of religion was a major concern among early sociological thinkers, their conclusion that secularization would see religion's eclipse dominated the field for most of the twentieth century. Today, the sociology of religion is a small but persistent presence in the publishing, teaching, and professional activity in the field. However, there are several signs that a paradigm shift may be underway, decentering many of the modernist Enlightenment assumptions that have shaped sociological research. A younger cohort may bring the study of religion back into closer conversation with the rest of the field's concerns. Nancy T. Ammerman is Professor of Sociology of Religion at Hartford Seminary.