From time to time, the educational standpoints of John Henry Newman and James McCosh have been interrogated for their continuing curricular relevance, not least on the subject of Christian learning. In both cases, their experience of higher education in nineteenth century Ireland was immensely significant, though the particular circumstances surrounding their various pronouncements and practices are less commonly advertised. Here, David Livingstone attempts to disentangle the contexts within which each worked and to situate their respective educational philosophies in the conditions of their making. Some reflections on contemporary Christian scholarship, arising from this inquiry, serve as a conclusion to his investigation. Mr. Livingstone is Professor of Geography and Intellectual History at the Queen's University of Belfast.