The cultural landscape is a central organizing concept within human geography. Its definition and meaning have been the subject of much philosophical andmethodological debate. In this article Henk Aay analyzes the concept of the cultural landscape with the help of a metatheory built from and grounded in a Christian worldview. An integral ontology helps to disclose the creational structure and richness of the cultural landscape and serves to thwart onesided, reductionistic interpretations. At the same time, a recognition that cultural landscapes embed visions of life brings the importance of religious direction in landscape interpretation to the fore. Mr. Aay is Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies at Calvin College.