Many Christians have coined the term “racial reconciliation” to describe their solution to American racial problems. This paper is an initial theoretical examination of a plausibility structure that deals with the problems of racism from an evangelical perspective. The historical development of “reconciliation theology” is explored. George Yancey contrasts this ideology with the secular alternatives of color-blindness and cultural pluralism and examines the major tenets of reconciliation theology. Finally, he looks at the effect of reconciliation theology within some Christian organizations and speculates about possible extensions to this study. Mr. Yancey is Associate Professor of Sociology at The University of North Texas.