Sandra F. Joireman argues that the theory that war is an effective tool of state formation is both morally objectionable and faulty. This essay challenges the current revival of the theory from both theological and empirical perspectives. Beginning with an explanation of why strong states are considered to be desirable, the essay examines the argument regarding state formation and the benefits of war. Theologically, Joireman argues that the theory elevates the state above the church and is therefore objectionable. Empirically, she argues that in this new era of post-modern warfare the theory is also incorrect. Ms. Joireman is an associate professor of politics and international relations at Wheaton College.