In this essay Randall B. Bush examines divergent rationales behind the formation and transmission of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic scriptures. While the actual content of the Jewish and Christian scriptures determines their form as canon, the form of the Qur’an’s reception by the Prophet Mohammad is of primary importance for Islam. This fundamental difference is reflected in the fact that translation of sacred texts into other languages is possible for Christians and Jews in a way that is not true for Muslims. In turn, these divergent rationales concerning formation and transmission of scripture help explain fundamental differences existing between modern Jewish, Christian, and Islamic cultures. Mr. Bush is Professor of Christian Studies and Philosophy at Union University.