Clive Beed and Cara Beed - Assisting the Poor to Work: A Biblical Interpretation

A conviction accepted broadly by contemporary Christians is that the poor should be assisted economically and socially. Despite the variety of Christian and secular assistance programs, little consensus occurs about how the poor should be helped. Cara and Clive Beed argue in this essay from three sets of biblical material (Genesis, the Mosaic Law, and Jesus’ teachings in Luke), assisted by the interpretations of biblical exegetes and commentators, toward the importance of providing paid work for the poor in the advanced economy, and for these jobs to be developed via particular organizational structures. The biblical discussion does not proceed further than Jesus’ teaching during His lifetime. The penultimate section considers how these structural features of work for the poor might be encouraged by Christians in the advanced economy, and gives examples of where this has been done. Mr. and Mrs. Beed are respectively retired Senior Lecturer in Economics, University of Melbourne, Australia, and retired Lecturer in Sociology, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia.

Marsha Daigle-Williamson - Dante: A New Pauline Apostle?

In this essay, Marsha Daigle-Williamson notes that in the Divine Comedy, Dante sets up parallels between his pilgrim and St. Paul, especially in the third part of his poem, to suggest that he is a new Pauline apostle. However, because of an overlapping identification between Dante the poet and Dante the pilgrim, by extension the poet is presenting himself indirectly as an apostle in the Pauline tradition. Daigle-Williamson looks at how Dante constructs this claim and then examines whether it is valid or not. Ms. Daigle-Williamson, formerly a Professor of English at Spring Arbor University, now teaches in the university’s Graduate School of Education.

Jan E. Evans - Does Miguel de Unamuno’s Doubt Keep Him from Faith? Some Considerations with Glances to Pascal and Kierkegaard

Miguel de Unamuno identifies with Christian thinkers Blaise Pascal and Søren Kierkegaard and includes them in a list of thinkers who embody his tragic sense of life. Unamuno embraces their suspicion of certainty and with them questions classical proofs for God’s existence. Nevertheless, Jan E. Evans argues in this essay that Unamuno’s understanding of the role of doubt in faith is not that of Pascal and Kierkegaard. Key is each author’s view of the limits of reason, illustrated in their reactions to the hiddenness of God. It is Unamuno’s view of reason that keeps him from making the leap of faith that Kierkegaard and Pascal make. Ms. Evans is Associate Professor of Spanish at Baylor University



Nicholas Wolterstorff - Escaping the Cage of Secular Discourse—A Review Essay

Nicholas Wolterstorff is Noah Porter Professor Emeritus of Philosophical Theology, Yale University, and Senior Fellow, Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, University of Virginia.

Steven D. Smith - A Response to Nicholas Wolterstorff



James K. A. Smith - The (Re)Turn to the Person in Contemporary Theory —A Review Essay

James K. A. Smith is Professor of Philosophy at Calvin College where he also teaches in the department of congregational and ministry studies.