Jack Mulder, Jr. - Why More Christians Should Believe in Mary's Immaculate Conception

In this paper, Jack Mulder, Jr. argues that those who hold 1) the major Christological and
Trinitarian tenets of the historic Christian faith and 2) the view that original sin and its psychological
consequences are in some way inherited and not learned (which includes a wide
swath of leading figures in the historic Christian tradition) have strong reasons for why they
should also hold that the Virgin Mary never received original sin (or its psychological consequences).
Mr. Mulder is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Hope College.

Richard K. Olsen and Julie W. Morgan - A Dialectical Perspective on Communication and Ethical Reasoning

In this essay Julie W. Morgan and Richard K. Olsen explore the utility of a dialectical
perspective for approaching and engaging in communication as Christians. After defining
dialectics from both historical and critical perspectives, the authors then outline generic
dialectics imbedded in almost any communication. The authors draw on the works of
Leslie Baxter and William K. Rawlins and connect them to some common Christian presuppositions
such as original sin. They then identify dialectics that uniquely permeate and
inform Christian communication. The first pairing is that of "intention and perception," as
illustrated by the women with the issue of blood. The second is the pairing of "depravity
and sanctification." The awareness of this pair fosters a perspective and context for our
communication. To overly sanctify language is lose sight of our fallenness and even the
shortcomings of language itself. Simply to reconcile ourselves to depravity or the limitations
of language is to lose the struggle toward truth and community. Ms. Morgan is Professor of
Communication Studies at Eastern University and Mr. Olsen is Professor of Communication
Studies at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

Dan Pinkston - U2 and Igor Stravinsky: Textures, Timbres, and the Devil

In this essay, Dan Pinkston argues that the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky and the Irish
rock band U2 occupy a similar place of importance within their musical worlds, and have
a parallel record of artistic achievement and influence. The parallels in their musical and
spiritual development are fascinating and, as this paper will show, give the listener a new
perspective on hearing the music of both U2 and Stravinsky. This comparative exercise will
also equip the reader with tools with which to approach many other progressive musicians
of the last century. Mr. Pinkston is Associate Professor of Music Theory and Composition at
Simpson University.

Mary E. Quinn, Laura S. Foote, and Michele L. Williams - Integrating a Biblical Worldview and Developing Online Courses for the Adult Learner

Mary Quinn, Laura Foote, and Michele Williams argue that the growth in online learning
and in the number of adult students provides opportunities for Christian colleges and
universities to reach a larger segment of this population. The authors note that with this
opportunity, care must be taken to keep the integration of faith and learning in the forefront
of course development. They offer suggestions and practical examples of the integration of
faith and learning using an adult learning theory model for course development. Ms. Quinn
is an Associate Professor in the School of Business and Leadership, Ms. Foote is an Instructor
in the School of Business and Leadership, and Ms. Williams is an Assistant Professor in
the College of Theology, Arts, and Sciences at Malone University.


Jordan J. Ballor - Natural Law and Protestantism— A Review Essay

Jordan J. Ballor is a research fellow with the Acton Institute for the Study of Religion &
Liberty and executive editor of the Journal of Markets and Morality. He is the author of
Covenant, Causality, and Law: A Study in the Theology of Wolfgang Musculus and visiting professor
of business at Kuyper College. He is also a doctoral candidate in historical and moral
theology at Calvin Theological Seminary.



Benjamin B. DeVan - Allah: A Christian Response— A Review Essay

Benjamin B. DeVan is a doctoral candidate at Durham University.

Miroslav Volf - Response to DeVan's Review Essay of Allah: A Christian Response

Miroslav Volf is the Henry Be. Wright Professor of Sytematic Theology at Yale University's
Divinity School and the Founding Director of the Yale Center for Faith and Culture.