Miguel A. Endara - Natural Law, Sexual Anthropology, and Sexual Licitness

Traditionally, Christianity has forbidden fornication, claiming that it is an offense against
God. But why might God see it as a transgression? Miguel A. Endara contends that natural
law reasoning applied to sexual anthropology helps us to discover that fornication promotes
human objectification and existential fragmentation. In accord with natural law, that which
undermines human flourishing is morally illicit. Fornication undermines human flourishing.
Therefore, fornication is morally illicit. This argument constitutes grounds for us to
consider why fornication is an offense against God. Mr. Endara is an adjunct philosophy
instructor at Azusa Pacific Online University.

Tobias Alecio Mattei - Neuroscience and Cognitive Psychology Insights into the Classical Theological Debate about Free Will and Responsibility

In recent years significant advances have occurred in both fields of neuroscience and cognitive
psychology which have provided further comprehension regarding the biological
structures underlying intentionality and decision making. In this essay, Tobias A. Mattei
reviews the insights such empirical data might provide to the classical theological debate
about human will and responsibility. After analyzing the positions of John Calvin, Jonathan
Edwards, Martin Luther, and the Westminster Confession of Faith, Mattei exposes
how all of them involved a view of human will as "self-determined" and "corrupted." His
discussion then considers how empirical data strongly supports the view of "free will"
as a complex and elaborated "illusion" of human mind. Such findings are in agreement
with the previously discussed reformed perspective of a compatibilistic view of human
will, which is essentially deterministic, but not reducible to the biochemical and neurophysiological
levels. Mr. Mattei is Neurosurgery Fellow at University of Illinois at Peoria.

Martin Spence - John Foster and the Integration of Faith and Learning

The "integration of faith and learning" has become a touchstone of many Evangelical Protestant
higher education institutions in recent decades. Martin Spence argues that modern
Evangelical scholars and teachers have intellectual forbears who long ago raised similar
questions about the relationship between faith and learning. The author introduces one
such individual, the nineteenth-century British Baptist minister and essayist John Foster
(1770–1843), and provides a commentary on Foster's essay "On Some of the Causes by which
Evangelical Religion has been Rendered Unacceptable to Persons of Cultivated Taste" (1805).
This essay critiqued the anti-intellectualism of popular Evangelical piety and called for the
creation of scholarship that operated within explicitly Christian paradigms. The author
contends that Foster's aspiration for the cultivation of learning, creativity, and cultural
intelligence in the Evangelical community both challenges and encourages contemporary
Christian educators. Dr. Spence is Assistant Professor of History at Cornerstone University.



Amos Yong - Whence and Whither in Evangelical Higher Education? Dispatches from a Shifting Frontier—A Review Essay

Amos Yong is J. Rodman Williams Professor of Theology at Regent University School of
Divinity in Virginia Beach, Virginia.



Jacob L. Goodson and Quinn T. McDowell - The Church for the World—A Review Essay

Jacob L. Goodson is Professor of Religious Studies, College of William & Mary, and Quinn
T. McDowell is a recent graduate of the College of William & Mary with degrees in Religious
Studies and Economics.

Jennifer M. McBride - Response to Review of The Church for the World

Jennifer M. McBride is Board of Regents Chair in Ethics and Assistant Professor of Religion
at Wartburg College.