Justin Bailey - The Body in Cyberspace: Lanier, Merleau-Ponty, and the Norms of Embodiment

The burden of this essay is to argue that while cyberspace technologies do open up profound new possibilities for imagining and inhabiting the world, there is a creational limitation to the human imagination: our bodies. Justin Bailey argues that personhood is always grounded in and governed by norms of embodiment – things like corporeality, locality, visibility, and temporality. This means that even in online spaces, the body continues to act as the arbiter of meaning, and dreams of transcending the body turn out to be mere fantasies. Though humans may attempt to suppress these norms and technologies may undermine them, the norms of embodiment, as part of our creational structure, will continue to work their way to the surface. Living faithfully in cyberspace begins with discerning where the norms of embodiment are already at work, as representative of where God may also be at work in orienting the human search for meaning. Justin Bailey is a Ph.D. candidate at Fuller Theological Seminary.


Jeffrey Vogel - A Self-effacing Gardener: The Unity of God’s Activity in Nature and Grace in the Theology of Austin Farrer

Jeffrey Vogel contends that Austin Farrer’s profound wrestling with the question of how best to speak about the divine-world relationship has ongoing relevance for contemporary theology. Though Farrer ultimately denies our ability to grasp the precise manner of God’s activity in the world, his idea that there is a unity between God’s activity in nature and God’s activity in grace makes it possible to bridge the gap that some perceive to exist between scientific and theological accounts of the world. Indeed, he offers an account of God’s intention in creation that allows for scientific investigation and spiritual practice to be mutually enriching. Jeffrey Vogel is professor of theology and ethics at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia.


Benjamin D. Wayman - Julian against Christian Educators: Julian and Basil on a Proper Education

In this article Benjamin D. Wayman examines two representative approaches to education in late antiquity—one by the pagan emperor Julian, the other by the Christian bishop Basil—and brings these approaches to bear on Christian higher education today. Engaging the work of Arthur Holmes, Wayman suggests that contemporary Christian liberal arts institutions exemplify Basil’s view of a proper education and the best of the Christian tradition in that they presume both the unity of God’s truth and that there is a requisite character for the discovery of such truth. Wayman argues that Christians who are suspicious of the Christian liberal arts tradition fall short of the courageous approach to education modeled by Basil as that which is most becoming of Christian living and learning. Fear of a broad education indicates the loss of confidence in the church and home in the religious formation of Christian youth. This article issues a challenge for the church to recover its determinative role in the training and education of young Christians. It thus calls for the recovery of an educating church that insists upon the courageous and critical pursuit of God’s truth, wherever it may be found. Benjamin D. Wayman is assistant professor of theology at Greenville College.



Kevin Ryan - The Road to Character— An Extended Review

Kevin Ryan is Director Emeritus of the Center for Character and Social Responsibility at Boston University.



Jordan J. Ballor - Affluence Agonistes—A Review Essay

Jordan J. Ballor is a research fellow at the Acton Institute and serves as executive editor of the Journal of Markets & Morality. He is also associate director of the Junius Institute for Digital Reformation Research at Calvin Theological Seminary.